A steam generator is mainly applied in the following sectors:
The use of steam in the food production sector is widespread.
Pasta factories are the most emblematic example because steam is used in several stages along which the pasta production process is articulated. The first is pasteurization, in which dry steam reaches a temperature of 120°C to eliminate all bacterial contamination. The second is the packaging of the finished product, in which steam is used to eliminate the moisture present on the surface, preventing the pasta from sticking to the package. The third is the sterilization of pasta-making machinery, which requires dry steam at high temperature.
Industrial steam boilers are also widely used in dairies.
Milk, in fact, needs to be treated before being processed. This is done through pasteurization and sterilization processes that aim to eliminate all microbes that alter the properties of milk. Steam is essential for both processes.
Many dairy plants use smoke tube boilers, which provide high efficiency and low consumption.
The food industry encompasses a very wide range of sectors; among many, steam is essential in alcohol-based processes such as breweries and wine cellars.
Steam is frequently used in hospitals for sterilization purposes.
The volumes and pressures of steam that are required by hospitals do not reach high levels and, therefore, the use of industrial fire-tube boilers, which achieve high levels of efficiency, is often preferred.
Steam boilers are also used in power generation.
Steam is the fluid carrier that conveys thermal energy to a turbine, which generates electricity. The water-tube steam boiler is often used for the large volumes and high pressures required.